Recovery, reclamation and recycling
The Fourth Meeting of the Parties decided:
1. to annul Decision I/12 H of the First Meeting of the Parties (“Imports and exports of bulk used controlled substances should be treated and recorded in the same manner as virgin controlled substances and included in the calculation of the Party’s consumption limits”).
2. not to take into account, for calculating consumption, the import and export of recycled and used controlled substances (except when calculating the base year consumption under paragraph 1 of Article 5 of the Protocol), provided that data on such imports and exports are subject to reporting under Article 7.
3. the Parties also agreed on the following clarifications of the terms “recovery”, “recycling” and “reclamation”:
(a) Recovery: The collection and storage of controlled substances from machinery, equipment, containment vessels, etc., during servicing or prior to disposal;
(b) Recycling: The re-use of a recovered controlled substance following a basic cleaning process such as filtering and drying. For refrigerants, recycling normally involves recharge back into equipment which it often occurs “on-site”;
(c) Reclamation: The re-processing and upgrading of a recovered controlled substance through such mechanisms as filtering, drying, distillation and chemical treatment in order to restore the substance to a specified standard of performance. It often involves processing “off-site” at a central facility.
4. urged all the Parties to take all practicable measures to prevent releases of controlled substances into the atmosphere, including, inter alia:
(a) to recover controlled substances in Annex A, Annex B and Annex C of the Protocol, for purposes of recycling, reclamation or destruction, that are contained in the following equipment during servicing and maintenance as well as prior to equipment dismantling or disposal:
(i) stationery commercial and industrial refrigeration and air conditioning equipment;
(ii) mobile refrigeration and mobile air-conditioning equipment;
(iii) fire protection systems;
(iv) cleaning machinery containing solvents;
(b) to minimize refrigerant leakage from commercial and industrial air-conditioning and refrigeration systems during manufacture, installation, operation and servicing;
(c) to destroy unneeded ozone-depleting substances where economically feasible and environmentally appropriate to do so.
(UNEP/OzL.Pro/4/15 Decision IV/24).
The Fourteenth Meeting of the Parties decided
1. to note that the terms in past Decisions related to “used controlled substances” such as “recovered”, “recycled” and “reclaimed” have not been used uniformly and may be misinterpreted;
2. to urge Parties to be precise from now in the terminology related to “used controlled substances” in future Decisions, and when appropriate, refer specifically to the definitions agreed in Decision IV/24.
(UNEP/OzL.Pro.14/9, Decision XIV/3 ).
The Seventh Meeting of the Parties decided, on the status of recycled CFCs and halons under the Basel Convention on the Control of Transboundary Movements of Hazardous Wastes and their Disposal, that the international transfers of controlled substances of the Montreal Protocol which are recovered but not purified to usable purity specifications prescribed by appropriate international and/or national organizations, including International Standards Organization (ISO), should only occur if the recipient country has recycling facilities that can process the received controlled substances to these specifications or has destruction facilities incorporating technologies approved for that purpose.
(UNEP/OzL.Pro.7/12 Decision VII/5).
The Eighteenth Meeting of the Executive Committee decided to consider the provision of recovery/recycling equipment to commercial refrigeration companies in projects related to servicing and recovery/recycling in the refrigeration sector in the future.
(UNEP/OzL.Pro/ExCom/18/75, Annex V, para. 8).
The Fourth Meeting of the Parties urged the Parties to adopt appropriate policies for export of the recycled and used substances to Parties operating under paragraph 1 of Article 5 of the Protocol, so as to avoid any adverse impact on the industries of the importing Parties, either through an excessive supply at low prices which might introduce unnecessary new uses or harm the local industries, or through an inadequate supply which might harm the user industries.
(UNEP/OzL.Pro/4/15 Decision IV/24, para. 5).
The Twenty-second Meeting of the Executive Committee decided:
(a) that future refrigerant recovery and recycling projects should be prepared within the context of the refrigerant management plan/strategy of the country concerned; but that small demonstration projects designed to inform a larger country could be considered; (Note: as amended by Decision 23/16).
(b) to urge the Implementing Agencies to work with the countries concerned to ensure that the prerequisites for success were put in place before refrigerant recovery and recycling projects were implemented;
(c) to request the Implementing Agencies to make available to the consultants responsible for implementation of the proposed Multilateral Fund monitoring and evaluation exercise information on, inter alia, the extent to which refrigerant recovery and recycling projects had succeeded in reducing consumption of ODS and on the lessons learned from their implementation, bearing in mind that the majority of consumption was the result of poor servicing practices;
(d) to request UNDP to make available to the Executive Committee, when completed, some of the evaluations that were being carried out by the United Nations Office for Project Services (UNOPS) on ongoing refrigerant recovery and recycling projects. Other Implementing Agencies that had completed recycling projects should also be requested to submit information on the results of those projects;
(e) to take note of the view that it was necessary to take account of the costs involved in undertaking the necessary support measures for refrigerant recovery and recycling projects, such as training and efforts to reduce CFC emissions resulting from leakages;
(f) to urge the Implementing Agencies to take time at the forthcoming fifteenth meeting of the Open-Ended Working Group of the Parties to the Montreal Protocol to reach out to, and develop appropriate assistance requests for, all Parties that had not yet received Fund assistance and might be in danger of not meeting the freeze;
(g) to request the Secretariat, the Implementing Agencies, Parties involved in bilateral co-operation activities and other interested members of the Executive Committee to meet before the next meeting of the Committee to elaborate draft guidelines for refrigerant management plan projects for the consideration of the Sub-Committee on Project Review and the Executive Committee at its Twenty-third Meeting.
(UNEP/OzL.Pro/ExCom/22/79/Rev.1, Decision 22/23, para. 41).
(UNEP/OzL.Pro/ExCom/23/68, Decision 23/16, para. 17 ).